Microdialysis is a mini-invasive monitoring method of oxidative/anaerobic glucose metabolism enabling the detection of tissue ischemia. It is used in various fields of medicine, such as cardiac surgery, plastic surgery, pharmacology, but it is most widely used in neurointensive care.
The microdialysis system consists of a microdialysis analyzer with a pump and a two-way catheter implanted into the target tissue. Through the catheter, a fluid based on Ringer’s solution is perfused into the target tissue, and at the same time a sample is taken for metabolite analysis.
The use of microdialysis allows an early response to the development of ischemic changes in the target tissue and enables the expansion of the therapeutic window for early intervention.